Name Case Study Site: CSS 11 – Buenos Aires (ARGENTINA)
Responsible partner: Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA)

Geographical description:
The Pampean region is a wide plain where Quaternary eolian sediments were partially reworked. The experimental area is located in the geological province named ¨Sierras Septentrionales¨ in the southeast of the Buenos Aires Province of Argentine. The loess deposits of the SE of Buenos Aires Province are from the Late Pleistocene and Holocene. The mineralogical composition of loess consists of a volcaniclastic assemblage derived mainly from reworked pyroclastic deposits. The southeast of Buenos Aires Province has a annual average temperature of 13.3°C and the frost-free period extends from the beginning of October to mid-May. It has a sub-humid to humid hydric regime and its rainfall regime comprises three seasons: a) rainy from October to March, b) moderately rainy in April, May and September, and c) scarcely rainy from June to August. Mean annual precipitation is about 900 mm in the region.

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Main farming systems:
In this region, winter crops (wheat, barley, oats, etc.) and summer crops (sorghum, soybeans, corn, sunflower, clover, etc.) are cultivated. In addition, cattle based on pastures for meat and dairy. Horticultural crop are cultivated around to the main cities.

Argentina Picture 1


Ongoing research and innovation actions
In 2020, the government of the province of Buenos Aires organized a Technical Observatory of Pesticides and launched a public policy to encourage producers to carry out productive practices within the framework of agroecology.

 

Relevant stakeholders in the area:

  • Farmers union
  • Community
  • Consumers
  • Political
  • Scientific and academic system